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醫院科室中英文對照

添加時間:2014-3-28

辦公室或值班區:

門診辦公室:outpatient office
門診護士辦公室:outpatient nurse’s office
醫生辦公室:doctor’s office
護士站:nursing station
護士辦公室:nurse’s office
護士長辦公室:head nurse’s office
主任辦公室:director’s office
示教辦公室:teaching office
藥庫主任辦公室:pharmacy store director's office
男值班室/女值班室:duty room for man/ woman
病人交談室:patient communication room
急診值班室:emergency duty room
診室:consulting room
洗滌室:washing room
血透室:hemodialysis room
藥庫:pharmacy store
急診觀察室:emergency observation room
出入院處:out/in-patient department
家屬等候室:waiting room for relations
服務台:information desk

兒科候診:waiting room for pediatrics
兒科門診:outpatient department of pediatrics
輸液室:transfusion room
小兒注射:injection room for Children
男廁所/女廁所/殘疾人專用廁所:toilet for man/toilet for woman/handicapped used only
飲水間:drinking room
急診化驗室:emergency laboratory
急診X光室:emergency X-ray room
急診治療室:emergency therapeutic room
搶救室:resuscitation room
外科治療室:surgery therapeutic room
急診婦產科:emergency obstetrics and gynecology department
急診內科:emergency internal medicine
急診外科:emergency surgery
急診兒科:emergency pediatrics
急診候診:emergency waiting room
急診收費掛號:emergency registration & cashier office
急診藥房:emergency pharmacy
急診手術室:emergency operation room

-----------------------------------------------------------

各科室或檢查室:

醫學整形科:department of plastic surgery
整形室:plastic surgery room
中醫科:department of traditional Chinese medicine
內科:department of internal medicine
腦外科:department of cerebral surgery
神經外科:department of neurosurgery
胸外科:department of thoracic surgery
普外科:department of general surgery
傷科:department of traumatology
骨科:department of orthopedics
肛腸外科:department of anus & intestine surgery
泌尿外科:department of urology
膀胱鏡室:cystoscopy room
石膏室:plaster room
換藥室:dressing room
拍片室:X-ray room
碎石室:stone manipulation room
DSA:digital subtraction angiography
ICU:intensive care unit
肝膽外科:department of hepatobiliary surgery

皮膚科:department of dermatology
激光冷凍室:laser & cryotherapy room
皮外手術室:operation room for dermatology surgery
檢查治療室:consulting & therapeutic room
性病專科:department of venereology
口腔科:department of stomatology
口腔診室:consulting room for stomatology
耳鼻喉科:department of ENT
窺鏡室:endoscope room

-----------------------------------------------------------

治療室:therapeutic room
聽覺誘發電位室:department of auditory evoked potentials
測聽室:audiometric room
診室:consulting room
小手術室:outpatient operation room
眼科:department of ophthalmology
治療室:therapeutic room
診室:consulting room
弱視治療室:amblyopia therapeutic room
小手術室: outpatient operation room
門診婦產科:outpatient department of obstetrics and gynecology
診室:consulting room
檢查室:examination room
人工流產室:induced abortion room
產前檢查室:Pre-natal Care room
人流休息室:rest room for induced abortion
化驗室:laboratory
實驗區:experimentation area
免疫室:laboratory of immunology
質控室:quality control room
細菌檢驗室:bacteriological laboratory
生化室:biochemical laboratory
血液室:blood laboratory
洗滌室:washing room
標本接手區:specimen area
產科病區:department of obstetrics
產房:delivery room
儲藏室:store room
廁所:toilet
女更衣室:female changing room
洗嬰室:baby bathing room
配置室:collocation room
護士值班室:nurse’s duty room
婦檢室:gynaecological examination room
胎心監護室:fetal monitor room
待產室:labour room
搶救室:resuscitation room
手術動態顯示房:dynamic operating room
-----------------------------------------------------------

貴賓候診室:VIP waiting room
診室:consulting room
內鏡區:department of endoscope
纖維鏡室:fibrescope room
胃鏡室:gastroscope room
儀器室:instrument room
腸鏡室:enteroscopy room
彩超區:department of Color Doppler Ultrasonic
彩超室:color ultrasonic room
動態心電圖室、血壓室:dynamic electrocardiogram & ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
心電圖室:electrocardiogram room
乳房儀室:breast-screening unit
TCD:transcranial color Doppler
肌電圖室:electromyogram room
B超室:B ultrasonic room
腦電圖室:electroencephalogram room
國際學術報告廳:international academic report hall
病理區:department of pathology
檔案室:record room
診斷室:diagnosis room
製片室:slide making room
細胞室:cell room
技術室:technical room
手術室:operation room

-----------------------------------------------------------

產科病區:department of obstetrics
婦科病區:department of gynaecology
外科病區:department of surgery
內科病區:department of internal medicine
心內科:department of cardiology
內分泌科:department of endocrinology
呼吸科:department of respiration
風濕科:department of rheumatism
血液科:department of hematology
腎病科:department of nephropathy

中英對照看病常用就診名詞

過敏 Allergy
健康診斷 Gernral Check-up
Physical Examination
檢查 Examination
入院 Admission to Hospotial
退院 Discharge from Hospital
症狀 Symptom
營養 Nutrition
病例 Clinical History
診斷 Diagnosis
治療 Treatment
預防 Prevention
呼吸 Respiration
便通 Bowel Movement
便 Stool
血液 Blood
脈搏 Pulse, Pulsation
尿 Urine
脈搏數 Pulse Rate
血型 Blood Type
血壓 Blood Pressure
麻醉 Anesthesia
全身麻醉 General Anesthesia
靜脈麻醉 Intravenous Anesthesia
脊椎麻醉 Spinal Anesthesia
局部麻醉 Local Anesthesia
手術 Operation
切除 Resectionlie
副作用 Side Effect
洗淨 Irrigation
注射 Injection
X光 X-Ray
紅外線 Ultra Red-Ray
慢性的 Chronic
急性的 Acute
體格 Build
親戚 Relative
遺傳 Heredity
免疫 Immunity
血清 Serum
流行性的 Epidemic
潛伏期 Incubation Period
濾過性病毒 Virus
消毒 Sterilization
抗生素 Antibiotic
腦波 E.E.G
洗腸 Enema
結核反映 Tuberculin Reaction
華氏 Fahrenheit
攝氏 Celsius, Centigrade

-----------------------------------------------------------

藥品和儀器
冰袋 Ice Bag
藥品 Medicine (Drug)
繃帶 Bandage
膠帶 Adhesive Tape
剪刀 Scissors
體溫計 Thermometer
藥丸 Tablet, Pill
舌下錠 Sublingual Tablet
膠囊 Capsules
軟膏 Ointment
眼藥 Eye Medicine
止咳藥 Cough Medicine
阿司匹林 Aspirin
止疼藥 Pain Killer
藥方 prescription

症狀

發燒 Fever
高燒 High Fever
發冷 Chillsz
發汗 Sweats
盜汗 Night Sweats
倦怠 Tireness
失眠 Insomnia
肩頭發硬 Stiffness in Shoulder
打噴嚏 Sneeze
打嗝 Hiccup
癢 Itch
腰疼 Low Back Pain
頭疼 Headache
痛 Pain (Ache)
急性疼痛 Acute Pain
激痛 Severe Pain
鈍痛 dull Pain
壓痛 Pressing Pain
刺痛 Sharp Pain
戳痛 Piercing Pain
一跳一跳地痛 Throbbing Pain
針紮似的痛 Prickling Pain
燒痛 Burning Pain
裂痛 Tearing Pain
持續痛 Continuous Pain
不舒服 Uncomfortable
絞痛 Colic
放射痛 Rediating Pain
潰爛痛 Sore Pain
痙攣痛 Crampy Pain
頑痛 Persistent Pain
輕痛 Slight Pain
血尿 Bloody Urine
濃尿 Pyuria
粘液便 Mucous Stool
粘土樣便 Clay-Colored Stool
驗血 Blood Analysis
紅血球 Red Cell
白血球 White Cell
呼吸數 Respiration Rate
呼氣 Expiration
吸氣 Inspiration
呼吸困難 Difficulty in Breathing
不規則脈搏 Irregular Pulse
慢脈 Bradycardia
快脈 Rapid Pulse

尿渾濁 Cloudy Urine
蛋白質 Albuminuria
糖尿 Glucosuria
瘦 thin, Skinny
肥 Fat

有用的詞彙 醫療篇

Head/neck
  
  Headache
  Migraine n.偏頭痛
  Baldness n.光禿, 枯燥, 率直
  Nits (lice) n.虱子, 白虱
  Earache n.耳朵痛
  Dizziness n.頭昏眼花
  Facial spasms (tic) 痙攣, 局部的抽筋
  Encephalitis n.腦炎
  Meningitis n.[醫]腦膜炎
  Lockjaw n.破傷風, 牙關緊閉症
  Bad breath n.難聞的氣味
  Catarrh卡他;黏膜炎
  Cough n.咳嗽v.咳嗽
  Nasal discharge
  Laryngitis n.[醫] 喉炎
  Pharyngitis n.[醫]咽炎
  Tonsillitis n.[醫]扁桃腺炎
  Thyoid adj.[解剖]U字形的, 舌骨的n.舌骨
  Goiter :An enlargement of the thyroid gland visible as a swelling of the front of the neck --
  
Eyes
  
  Astigmatism n.[醫]散光, 因偏差而造成的曲解或錯判
  Cataract白內障
  Conjunctivitis [醫]結膜炎
  Color blindness n.色盲
  Cross-eyed adj.斜視的, 對視眼的
  Long-sightedness
  Short-sightedness
  Myopia n.近視
  Lazy eye n.弱視
  Stye n.[醫]麥粒腫, 瞼腺炎
  
Skin
  
  Acne n.痤瘡, 粉刺
  Allergy n.[醫]敏感症, <口>反感
  Blister n.水泡
  Burn
  Bruise n.瘀傷, 擦傷v.打傷, 撞傷
  Boil
  Corn [醫]雞眼
  Eczema n.濕疹
  Dandruff
  Freckles n.雀斑, 斑點
  Itching adj. 癢的, 渴望的
  Melanoma [醫](惡性)黑素瘤,(良性)胎記瘤
  Mole n.[醫]胎塊, [動]鼴鼠, 防波堤, 築有防波堤的海港莫爾式管道測彎儀
  Pimples, blackheads丘疹,小胞皰:皮膚上的紅色小皰,常由痤瘡、丘疹或小膿皰引起
  Rash n.[醫]皮疹
  Scab n.疤, 痂,
  
General Medical Terminology 一般醫學術語

Medical personnel 醫務人員
  
  Doctor
  Dentist
  General practitioner (GP) 普通醫師,全科醫生:其活動不限於一具體的醫學專業的醫師,相反他可處理不同年齡病人的多樣的醫學問題也作 family doctor
  Consultant n.會診醫生;顧問醫生
  Surgeon n.外科醫生
  Specialist n.專門醫師, 專家
  Ear, nose and throat specialist
  Gynecologist n.婦科醫生
  Pediatrician n.兒科醫師
  Physician n.醫師, 內科醫師
  Obstetrician n.產科醫師
  Ophthalmologist n.眼科專家, 眼科醫師
  Physiotherapist n臨床醫學家
  Anesthetist n.麻醉師
  Nurse
  Sister【多用於英國】 護士:護士,尤指病房中的護士長
  Ward sister
  Nurse aide
  Attendant nurse隨從護士
  Orderly n.傳令兵, 勤務兵
  
Treatment
  
  Anesthetic n.麻醉劑, 麻藥adj.麻醉的
  Diagnosis n.診斷
  Examination n.考試, 檢查, 細查
  Enema n.[醫]灌腸劑
  Injection n.注射, 注射劑, (毛細血管等的)充血, (人造衛星, 宇宙飛船等的)射入軌道
  Thermometer n.溫度計, 體溫計
  Transfusion n.注入, [醫]輸血, 輸液
  Operation手術
  Exploratory research探索性研究
  Medications n.藥物治療, 藥物處理, 藥物
  Medicine n.藥, 醫學, 內科學, 內服藥vt.給...用藥
  
Medication 藥物治療
  
  Antiseptic adj.防腐的, 殺菌的, 消過毒的n.防腐劑, 殺菌劑
  Aspirin n.阿斯匹林(解熱鎮痛藥), 乙酰水楊酸
  Powder散劑:各種以粉末形式存在的配製品,如某些化妝品及藥品

  Tablets藥片:一小片口服的扁平藥物
  Capsules n.(植物)蒴果, 膠囊, 瓶帽, 太空艙
  Sedative adj.鎮靜的, 止痛的n.鎮靜劑, 止痛藥
  Cream
  Ointment n.藥膏, 油膏
  Bandage n.繃帶
  Sling(支撐傷臂或傷手的)吊帶,三角巾
  Traction【醫學】 牽引:尤指對胳膊、腿或脖子機械地不斷地拉以便矯正骨折或脫臼的骨頭,治愈肌肉痙攣以及減輕壓力
  Plaster【多用於英國】 粘性繃帶
  Scalding adj.滾燙的,尖刻的n.燙傷
  Sunburn n.曬斑, 曬黑
  Sores adj.疼痛的, 痛心的, 劇烈的n.痛的地方, 痛處
  Ulcer n.潰瘍, 腐爛物

Asthma n.[醫]哮喘
  Breathlessness
  Bronchitis n.[醫]支氣管炎
  Cancer
  Cold
  Influenza n.流行性感冒
  Pleurisy [醫] 肋膜炎, 胸膜炎
  Pneumonia n.[醫] 肺炎
  Sputum n.唾液, 痰
  Phlegm n.粘液, 痰, 粘液質
  Tuberculosis (T n.肺結核
  
Heart and blood
  
  AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome愛滋病, 獲得性免疫功能喪失綜合症
  Angina n.[醫]咽痛, 絞痛
  Blood cells ?complete blood examinations (CBE) n.血細胞:血液中的細胞;紅血球或白血球;血球
  Coronary冠狀動脈或靜脈:冠狀動脈的或冠狀靜脈的,或與兩者之一有關的
  Hemoglobin.血色素
  Heart attack n.心髒病發作
  Heart failure n.心力衰竭
  Fainting n.昏暈, 不省人事
  Anemia n.貧血, 貧血症
  Leukemia n白血病
  High blood pressure n. [醫] 高血壓 (症)
  Low blood pressure n. [醫] 低血壓症
  Fluid
  Oedema n. [醫] 水腫, [植] 瘤腺體
  Clot n. (血液等的) 凝塊v. (使)凝結
  Varicose veins[解]靜脈曲張
  
Abdomen.腹, 腹部/digestive system
  
  Appendicitis n.闌尾炎, 盲腸炎
  Barium meal n.〈醫〉鋇餐
  Bowel movements/motions
  Cirrhosis of the liver n.[醫]肝硬化
  Colon n.〈解〉結腸
  Constipation n.便秘
  Diarrhoea n.腹瀉
  Hearburn
  Heartburn胃灼熱:一種由於酸性胃液回流入食管下端而引起的通常集中在胸中部靠近胸骨處的燒灼感也作 cardialgia, pyrosis
  Hernian.[醫]疝氣, 脫腸
  Hiccups n.打嗝v.打嗝
  Indigestion n.消化不良
  Intestine adj.內部的, 國內的n.[解, 動]腸
  Jaundice黃疸:由於膽鹽沉澱物引起的在眼白、皮膚和粘膜上形成的淡黃色汙染。其引發影響膽囊正常活動的各種疾病(如肝炎)的症狀也作 icterus
  Nausea n.反胃, 暈船, 惡心, 作嘔, 極度的不快
  Vomiting n.嘔吐, 嘔吐物, 催吐劑vi.嘔吐, 大量噴出vt.吐出, 嘔吐
  Pancreas[解]胰腺
  Piles n.[醫]痔, 痔瘡
  Colostomy n.[醫]結腸造口術
  Stomach ulcer胃潰瘍
  
Urinary system 泌尿係統
  
  Bladder n.膀胱, 氣泡, 球膽
  Cystitis n.[醫]膀胱炎
  Incontinence [醫]失禁
  Kidney stone n.腎結石
  Urethritis n.[醫]尿道炎
  
Limbs/joints 四肢和關節
  
  Arthritis n.關節炎
  Bow-legged adj.弓形腿的,羅圈腿的
  Dislocation脫位,脫臼:身體某一部分的脫位,尤指骨頭從它正常的位置暫時的脫臼
  Fracture n.破裂, 骨折v. (使)破碎, (使)破裂
  Green-stick fracture 〈醫〉青枝骨折,長骨不完全骨折
  Knock-kneed adj.內彎足的, 八字腳的
  Muscle pain
  Tendons腱:將肌肉連接在其骨骼關節處的粗硬的無彈性的纖維狀組織束
  Torn ligaments韌帶拉傷
  Sprain v.扭傷
  Rheumatism n.風濕, 風濕病

  Shoulder blades n.[解]肩胛
  
Back
  
  Backache背疼:後背或脊柱的某部分的疼痛或不舒服
  Lumbago腰痛:背部下部的疼痛狀態,就象由於肌肉緊張或脫臼引起的疼痛
  Round-shouldered adj.圓背的
  Sciatica坐骨神經痛:通常是由脊椎腰部區的椎間盤突出引起的坐骨神經的疼痛,並傳入臀部和股骨的背部

Sexual organs
  
  Discharge/ejaculation射精, 射出
  Frigidity 性欲冷淡
  Impotence [醫]陽萎
  Gonorrhoea n.[醫]淋病
  Prostate adj.前列腺的n.前列腺
  Syphilis n.[醫]梅毒
  Venereal disease傳染病,性病:幾種傳染病的統稱,如梅毒和淋病,通過性交而傳染;一種通過性交傳染的疾病
  Vasectomy n.[醫]輸精管切除術


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