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當前位置:首 頁 >> 新聞中心: 病曆文書中常用基本用語的英文翻譯

病曆文書中常用基本用語的英文翻譯

添加時間:2013-12-21

1、抗生素醫囑[Antibiotic order]
•Prophylaxis [預防性用藥]
Duration of order[用藥時間] 24hr
Procedure[操作,手術]
•Empiric therapy [經驗性治療]
Suspected site and organism[懷疑感染的部位和致病菌] 72hr
Cultures ordered[是否做培養]
•Documented infection[明確感染]
Site and organism[部位和致病菌] 5days
•Other[其它]
Explanation required [解釋理由] 24hr
•Antibiotic allergies[何種抗生素過敏]
No known allergy [無已知的過敏]
•Drug+ dose+ Route+ frequency[藥名+劑量+途徑+次數]

2、醫囑首頁[Admission / transfer]
•Admit / transfer to [收入或轉入]
•Resident [住院醫師] Attending[主治醫師]
•Condition [病情]
•Diagnosis[診斷]
•Diet [飲食]
•Activity [活動]
•Vital signs[測生命體征]
•I / O [記進出量]
•Allergies[過敏]

3、住院病曆[case history]
•Identification [病人一般情況]
Name[性名]
Sex[性別]
Age [年齡]
Marriage[婚姻]
Person to notify and phone No.[聯係人及電話]
Race[民族]
I.D. No.[身份證]
Admission date[入院日期]
Source of history[病史提供者]
Reliability of history[可靠程度]
Medical record No[病曆號]
Business phone No.[工作單位電話]
Home address and phone No.[家庭住地及電話]
•Chief complaint[主訴]
•History of present illness[現病史]
•Past History[過去史]
Surgical[外科]
Medical[內科]
Medications[用藥]
Allergies[過敏史]
Social History[社會史]
Habits[個人習慣]
Smoking[吸煙]
Family History[家族史]
Ob/Gyn History[ 婚姻/生育史]
Alcohol use[喝酒]
•Review of Aystems[係統回顧]
General[概況]
Eyes, Ears, Nose and throat[五官]
Pulmonary[呼吸]
Cardiovascular[心血管]
GI[消化]
GU[生殖、泌尿係統]
Musculoskeletal[肌肉骨骼]
Neurology[神經係統]
Endocrinology[內分泌係統]
Lymphatic/Hematologic[淋巴係統/血液係統]
•Physical Exam[體檢]
Vital Signs[生命體征]
P[脈博]
Bp[血壓]
R[呼吸]
T[溫度]
Height[身高]
Weight[體重]
General[概況]
HEENT[五官]
Neck[頸部]
Back/Chest[背部/胸部]
Breast[乳房]
Heart[心髒]
Heart rate[心率]
Heart rhythm[心律]
Heart Border[心界]
Murmur[雜音]
Abdomen[腹部]
Liver[肝]
Spleen[脾]
Rectal[直腸]
Genitalia[生殖係統]
Extremities[四肢]
Neurology[神經係統]
cranial nerves[顱神經]
sensation[感覺]
Motor[運動]
*Special P.E. on diseased organ system[專科情況]
*Radiographic Findings[放射]
*Laboratory Findings[化驗]
*Assessment[初步診斷與診斷依據]
*Summary[病史小結]
*Treatment Plan[治療計劃]

4、輸血申請單[Blood bank requisition form]
(1)reason for infusion[輸血原因]
▲紅細胞[packed red cells, wshed RBCs]:
*Hb<8.5 [血色素<8.5]
*>20% blood volume lost [>20%血容量丟失]
*cardio-pulmonary bypass with anticipated Hb <8[心肺分流術伴預計血色素<8]
*chemotherapy or surgery with Hb <10[血色素<10的化療或手術者]
▲全血[whole blood]:
massive on-going blood loss[大量出血]
▲血小板[platelets]:
*massive blood transfusion >10 units[輸血10單位以上者]
*platelet count <50×103/μl with active bleeding or surgery[血小板<5萬伴活動性出血或手術者]
*Cardio-pulmonary bypass uith pl<100×103/μl with octive bleeding[心肺分流術伴血小板<10萬,活動性出血者]
*Platelet count <20×103/μl[血板<2萬]
▲新鮮冰凍血漿[fresh frozen plasma]:
*documented abnormal PT or PTT with bleeding or Surgery[PT、PTT異常的出血或手術病人]
*specific clotting factor deficiencies with bleeding/surgerg[特殊凝血因子缺乏的出血/手術者]
*blood transfusion >15units[輸血>15個單位]
*warfarin or antifibrinolytic therapy with bleeding[華法令或溶栓治療後出血]
*DIC[血管內彌漫性凝血]
*Antithrombin III dficiency[凝血酶III 缺乏]

(2)輸血要求[request for blood components]
*patient blood group[血型]
*Has the patient had transfusion or pregnancy in the past 3 months? [近3個月,病人是否輸過血或懷孕過?]
*Type and crossmatch [血型和血交叉]
*Units or ml[單位或毫升]

5、出院小結[discharge summary]
Patient Name[病人姓名]
Medical Record No.[病曆號]
Attending Physician[主治醫生]
Date of Admission[入院日期]
Date of Discharge[出院日期]
Principal Diagnosis[主要診斷]
Secondary Diagnosis[次要診斷]
Complications[並發症]
Operation[手術名稱]
Reason for Admission[入院理由]
Physical Findings[陽性體征]
Lab/X-ray Findings[化驗及放射報告]
Hospital Course[住院診治經過]
Condition[出院狀況]
Disposition[出院去向]
Medications[出院用藥]
Prognosis[預後]
Special Instruction to the Patient(diet, physical activity)[出院指導(飲食,活動量)]
Follow-up Care[隨隨訪]

6、住院/出院病曆首頁[Admission/discharge record]
•Patient name[病人姓名]
•race[種族]
•address[地址]
•religion[宗教]
•medical service[科別]
•admit (discharge) date[入院(出院)日期]
•Length of stay [住院天數]
•guarantor name [擔保人姓名]
•next of kin or person to notify[需通知的親屬姓名]
•relation to patient[與病人關係]
•previous admit date[上次住院日期]
•admitting physician [入院醫生]
•attending physician [主治醫生]
•admitting diagnosis[入院診斷]
•final (principal) diagnosis[最終(主要)診斷]
•secondary diagnosis[次要診斷]
•adverse reactions (complications)[副作用(合並症)]
•incision type[切口類型]
•healing course[愈合等級]
•operative (non-operative) procedures[手術(非手術)操作]
•nosocomial infection[院內感染]
•consultants [會診]
•Critical-No. of times[搶救次數]
•recovered-No. of times[成功次數]
•Diagnosis qualitative analysis[診斷質量]
OP.adm.and discharge Dx concur [門診入院與出院診斷符合率]
Clinical and pathological Dx concur[臨床與病理診斷符合率]
Pre- and post-operative Dx concur [術前術後診斷符合率]
•Dx determined with in 24 hours (3 days) after admission[入院後24小時(3 天)內確診]
•Discharge status[出院狀況]
recovered[治愈]
improved[好轉]
not improved[未愈]
died [死亡]
•Dispositon[去向]
home[家]
against medical ad[自動出院]
autosy[屍檢]
transferred to[轉院到]

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